From the earliest days of military intelligence, one of the fundamental issues has been how and where to strike the balance between security and individual liberty. This is particularly challenging in a democracy which values transparency in government and privacy for its citizens.
In his recent book, which shares its title with his May CCFR talk, General Michael Hayden explored how intelligence officials are supposed to function in a democracy. Their task, he wrote, is to be "fact based and see the world as it is," giving complete and accurate information to policymakers who face difficult decisions. To do this, they must approach the boundaries, i.e. "playing to the edge."
In his more recent comments, Hayden has highlighted what he sees as heightened challenges in striking the right balance while filling this role.
Speaking at Princeton, he said "when people are frightened they begin to gnaw on their neighbors' rights, privacies, and liberties and when they get really scared, they don't mind gnawing on their own rights, privacies, and liberties. That's why successful espionage is not just about the defense of American security but about the defense of American liberty." He has regularly voiced his concern that the new administration's delegitimization of the intelligence services will make it hard to reach sound decisions in the inevitable crises the nation will face.
Gen. Hayden served as Director of the National Security Agency from 1999 to 2005, the first Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence from 2005-2006 and Director of the CIA from 2006-2009. In these roles, he was at the center of the efforts to transform the intelligence services to deal with the challenges of terrorism, including the controversial post-9/11 policies of bulk collection of surveillance data, enhanced interrogation and the expanded use of drones.
Gen. Hayden joined the Air Force in 1969, having earned his commission through ROTC while studying for his BA and MA in History at Duquesne University. His postings prior to the CIA included the Pentagon and the National Security Council as well as the US European Command, the United Nations Command and US Forces Korea.
Currently, he serves as a principal at The Chertoff Group, a security and -risk management advisory firm, and as a Distinguished Visiting Professor at George Mason University. In 2014 he was the inaugural Humanitas Visiting Professor in Intelligence Studies at Oxford University in the United Kingdom.
6:00 Cocktails 6:45 Dinner 7:45 Address and Discussion