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Founded in 1951, The Charlottesville Committee on Foreign Relations (CCFR) is a civic, non-partisan organization dedicated to the promotion of informed discussion of American foreign policy and international affairs.

It has achieved a distinguished record of bringing together concerned citizens in our area with leading authorities on world developments. The hallmark of CCFR is the creation of opportunities for in-depth exchanges on major international issues that increasingly affect our lives.

Ambassador Robert Gallucci

“Deterrence in the 21st Century"

Thursday February 08,2018

Deterrence is the use of threats by one country t0 discourage another country from attacking or causing harm to their national interests. The concept of “deterrence” was a critical element of US foreign policy during the Cold War, specifically the threat of nuclear annihilation if the USSR attacked us or an ally.
For deterrence to be effective at discouraging an enemy from attacking, the threat needs to be potentially overwhelming, achievable, credible, and well signaled to the opposing country.  During the Cold War, there were two super powers with large nuclear capability and thus deterrence involved only two parties. Today, eight countries have nuclear capability and at least two more - Iran and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea - are striving to become credibly nuclear capable. In this more complex world and with the proliferation of nuclear capability, how effective is nuclear deterrence? And how might or should the US employ the threat of nuclear annihilation to pursue our national interests?
Our speaker in February, Ambassador Robert Gallucci, is eminently qualified to comment on those questions. Mr. Gallucci is the Chairman of the US - Korea Institute at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies and a Distinguished Professor of the Practice of Diplomacy at Georgetown University. Previously the Ambassador was the Director of the Kluge Center at the Library of Congress, President of the MacArthur Foundation, and the Dean of the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown. Prior to these positions Gallucci served with distinction for 21 years in the US Foreign Service, including as Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs and as US Ambassador at Large.
As Ambassador at Large, Gallucci dealt with threats posed by the proliferation of ballistic missiles and weapons of mass destruction. He was the chief US negotiator during the North Korean nuclear crisis of 1994, and served as Deputy Executive Chairman of the UN Special Commission overseeing the disarmament of Iraq after the first Gulf War.
As tensions between the US and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea escalate, Ambassador Gallucci is one of the few people in the world who has negotiated face to face with North Korea. As recently as October, 2016, Mr. Gallucci and some colleagues, all veterans in North Korean nuclear affairs, met in Kuala Lumpur with a delegation from North Korea. Although those “Track II” meetings were not “official”, the State Department was fully briefed before and after the sessions. Ambassador Gallucci has been quoted as saying he is “certain the North Koreans do not see themselves winning a war against the U.S.” and he retains confidence in the principle of deterrence and the importance of diplomacy.
Ambassador Gallucci earned his Bachelor’s degree at the State University of New York at Stony Brook and his Master’s and Doctoral degrees at Brandeis University.
6:00 Cocktails 6:45 Dinner 7:45 Address and Discussion

Meal A: Trout Amadine
Meal B: Goat Cheese filled Chicken Breast
Meal C: Vegetable Cannelloni