On December 3-4, 2019, the Summit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Heads of State and Government (Leaders Meeting) will take place in London to mark the 70th anniversary of the signing of the Washington Treaty, which established the Alliance. Over the years, NATO membership has grown from the 12 founding member countries to 29 today. In assessing the current status of NATO, Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg, a former Norwegian Prime Minister, “concedes there are a few spats but insists the 29 allies are united to defend each other, particularly when faced with an assertive Russia.” NATO is about deterrence and collective defense, which is stated in Article 5 of the Washington Treaty.
NATO members make critical decisions by consensus not by a majority vote. Forging that consensus takes considerable work and time. Once a consensus is formed, NATO has a solid foundation to move forward. In March 2014, in response to Russia’s aggressive actions against Ukraine, NATO suspended practical cooperation with Russia. However, NATO continues to keep channels for political dialogue open. Also, in 2014 all of the NATO Allies signed the Defense Investment Pledge, which commits member countries to spend two percent of GDP on defense by 2024. Every U.S. president since Dwight Eisenhower in the 1950’s has been concerned about defense burden-sharing among NATO Allies.
Over the years NATO has not been an alliance entirely without discord among its members. The unilateral U.S. withdrawal from Syria and the subsequent invasion by Turkey is only the latest of several since NATO’s inception. Our speaker in December will discuss the state of NATO today and the challenges it faces in the future.
Rose Gottemoeller served as Deputy Secretary General of NATO from October, 2016 until October, 2019. She is an expert in arms control and disarmament. In January, 2020, she will be the Payne Distinguished Lecturer at Stanford University.
Gottemoeller moved to her NATO position after serving nearly five years as the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security at the U.S. Department of State (DOS). She was acting in this position from 2012 to 2014, while concurrently serving as Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance (2009-2014). In this capacity, she was the chief U.S. negotiator of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) with the Russian Federation, which is currently in implementation.
From 1998-2000, she served as Deputy Under Secretary of Energy for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), where she was responsible for all nonproliferation cooperation with Russia and the Newly Independent States.
Gottemoeller also served from 1993 to 1994 on the National Security Council staff in the White House as Director for Russia, Ukraine and Eurasia Affairs. Previously, she was a social scientist at RAND for about ten years.
Rose Gottemoeller received a B.S. from Georgetown University, and an M.A. from George Washington University. She has taught Soviet military policy and Russian security and is fluent in Russian. She is married to Raymond Arnaudo, and they have two grown sons.
6:00 Cocktails 6:45 Dinner 7:45 Address and Discussion
Save the Date: January 9, 2020
John Conger, Center for Climate and Security, “Climate Change and National Security”